Geology of the southern North Sea (POD)
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This report covers the sea area from the east coast of England to the median line and from South Foreland to 55°N. The authors are Don Cameron, Tony Crosby, Peter Balson, Dennis Jeffery, Graham Lott, Joe Bulat and Dave Harrison.
The Geology of the area : The underlying Carboniferous rocks are similar to the coal measures and red bed sequences found in eastern England. The most significant difference between the submarine geology and that of the landmass to the west is the generally thicker succession of post-Carboniferous rocks offshore.
Throughout the Permian and Triassic, most of the area lay within a gently subsiding Variscan foreland which extended from eastern England through northern Germany to Poland. Permian aeolian, fluvial and desert-lake sediments pass upwards into a Triassic evaporite and fluvial floodplain sequence.
During the Jurassic and early Cretaceous, the area was dominated by deposition of marine mudstones before pelagic deposition of the Upper Cretaceous chalk. Uplift and erosion during the Tertiary was followed by early Pleistocene delta advance from continental Europe. The later Quaternary was dominated by glacial erosion and deposition.
Author Cameron, T.D.J.
Year Published 1992